C181 Survey of United States Constitution and Government How to Use This Study Guide history homework help

Study Guide

C181: Survey of United States Constitution and Government

Get Your Custom Essay Written From Scratch
We have worked on a similar problem. If you need help click order now button and submit your assignment instructions.
Just from $13/Page
Place an Order

How to Use This Study Guide

This study guide is designed to work in conjunction with your course textbook and related chapter activities. Once you have completed all of the course readings and activities, use this study guide as a final review tool before taking your pre and final assessments.

Get Assignment Writing Help

Our experts are ready to complete your assignment, course work. essay, test, dissertation, research paper, quiz

Get Started

Within this course study guide you will find two types of activities:

  • Flashcard Vocabulary

  • Chapter Review Questions

Flashcard Vocabulary

Within your textbook there are “Flashcard” activities for each chapter that contain relevant vocabulary for you to learn. As you complete each chapter, fill out – in your own words – the associated flashcard vocabulary chart found in this study guide. Test your knowledge by using the textbook “Flashcard” activity for the chapter.

Chapter Review Questions

To complete the chapter review questions, provide a response to each question that sufficiently answers the question and will be useful in your review before taking your assessments. Answer these questions thoroughly to best utilize your study guide. If you find a question that you cannot answer, please reach out to your course mentor for additional clarification and support.

Chapter 1

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Democratic socialism

Click here to enter text.

Government

Click here to enter text.

Communism

Click here to enter text.

Laissez faire

Click here to enter text.

Social equality

Click here to enter text.

Police power

Click here to enter text.

Rights

Click here to enter text.

Public goods

Click here to enter text.

Socialism

Click here to enter text.

Freedom

Click here to enter text.

Capitalism

Click here to enter text.

Globalization

Click here to enter text.

Conservatives

Click here to enter text.

Order

Click here to enter text.

Communitarians

Click here to enter text.

  1. Define sovereignty and explain how it is threatened in our globalized world. Click here to enter text.
  2. Explain the fundamental values of American democracy.  How are these values depicted in the two dilemmas of government?  Click here to enter text.
  3. Explain how equality of opportunity, equality of outcome, and political equality differ.  Provide examples.  Click here to enter text.
  4. Identify and describe the major purposes of government.  Which are most controversial and why? Click here to enter text.
  1. How do the terms libertarianism, liberalism, and liberals differ? Click here to enter text. -In what ways are these terms similar?

  2. Discuss how anarchism, liberalism, and totalitarianism each views the role of government. Click here to enter text.

  3. Which economic policy would libertarians support and why? Click here to enter text.

  4. Explain the differences between capitalism and socialism. Click here to enter text. 

  5. Use Figure 1.2 from the textbook to concisely state the differences between libertarianism, conservative, communitarian, and liberal views on freedom, order, equality, and the purpose of government. (*Chart will expand as you type in it.)

Libertarianism

Conservative

Communitarian

Liberal

Freedom

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Order

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Equality

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Purpose of Government

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Optional Question: What contemporary politicians might be categorized as liberal, conservative, and libertarian? Click here to enter text.

Chapter 2

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Democracy

Click here to enter text.

Responsiveness

Click here to enter text.

Substantive democratic theory

Click here to enter text.

Democratization

Click here to enter text.

Universal participation

Click here to enter text.

Interest group

Click here to enter text.

Minority rights

Click here to enter text.

Autocracy

Click here to enter text.

Procedural democratic theory

Click here to enter text.

Participatory democracy

Click here to enter text.

E-government

Click here to enter text.

Oligarchy

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Define ’Direct Democracy’. Give some examples. Click here to enter text.

  2. Define and describe ’Indirect Democracy” or Representative Democracy. Click here to enter text.

  3. Define Majoritarian democracy (Majoritarianism) and describe its basic concepts. Click here to enter text.

  4. Define Pluralist democracy (Pluralism) and describe its basic concepts. Click here to enter text.

  5. Explain how Elite Theory differs from the Majoritarian and Pluralist models. Click here to enter text.

Chapter 3

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Executive branch

Click here to enter text.

Judicial branch

Click here to enter text.

Judicial review

Click here to enter text.

Electoral college

Click here to enter text.

Confederation

Click here to enter text.

Enumerated powers

Click here to enter text.

Articles of Confederation

Click here to enter text.

Bill of Rights

Click here to enter text.

Supremacy clause

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

*When you are logged into the Learning Resource, please review the Interactive Timeline, The Constitution:  The American Revolution and the Nation’s Constitution.

  1. Explain Thomas Jefferson’s ideas on unalienable rights and the Social Contract Theory as found in the Declaration of Independence. Click here to enter text.

-Explain how Thomas Jefferson was influenced by John Locke. Click here to enter text.

  1. Describe the relationship between the right to vote, popular sovereignty, and Republicanism (or a republic). Click here to enter text.

  2. Discuss the political and economic weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation. Click here to enter text.

-Explain how trade wars and events like Shay’s rebellion expose some of these weaknesses. Click here to enter text.

  1. Discuss how the failure of the Articles of Confederation led to the U.S. Constitution. Click here to enter text.

  2. Explain the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan as well as key differences.  Explain how those differences were resolved in the Great Compromise and the following. Click here to enter text.

-Virginia Plan Click here to enter text.

-New Jersey Plan Click here to enter text.

-Great Compromise Click here to enter text.

  1. Identify and discuss the four elements that form the foundation of the American political tradition in the Preamble of U.S. Constitution. Click here to enter text.

  2. Identify and describe the four basic principles of the U. S. Constitution and in which Articles/sections and Amendments are they located. Click here to enter text.

  -Republicanism Click here to enter text.

  -Separation of Powers Click here to enter text.

  -Federalism Click here to enter text.

  -Checks & Balances Click here to enter text.

  1. Explain how checks and balances work. *Review the Checks and Balances Chart. Click here to enter text.

  2. Discuss specifically, what three powers are being separated in the principle of ‘separation of powers’. Click here to enter text.

  3. Explain the main ideas in each of the seven Articles of the U.S. Constitution.

-Article I Click here to enter text.

-Article II Click here to enter text.

-Article III Click here to enter text.

-Article IV Click here to enter text.

-Article V Click here to enter text.

-Article VI Click here to enter text.

-Article VII Click here to enter text.

  1. Define and explain the ‘Necessary and Proper Clause’ (or ‘Elastic Clause’) in Article I of the Constitution. Click here to enter text.

-Discuss how it allows “implied powers”? Click here to enter text.

  1. Explain the main arguments between the Federalists and Anti-Federalists during the ratification of the U.S. Constitution. Click here to enter text.

  2. Identify and describe the core arguments in the Federalist Papers #10 & #51.  [Optional:  Read the Federalist Papers using links in the learning resource.] Click here to enter text.

  -Federalist #10 Click here to enter text.

  -Federalist #51 Click here to enter text.

  1. Discuss what persuaded the Anti-Federalists to drop their opposition to the U.S. Constitution. Click here to enter text.

  • Discuss the role George Washington played in resolving the Federalist/Anti-Federalist opposition. Click here to enter text.

  1. How long did it take for the Bill of Rights to be ratified? Click here to enter text.

  2. Explain how the U.S. Constitution was ratified. Click here to enter text.

  3. Explain the Formal Amendment Process. Click here to enter text.

*To test your knowledge of the Constitution, stay logged into the Learning Resource and take the Primary Source Activity:  The Constitution. 

Chapter 4

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Federalism

Categorical grants

Home rule

Redistricting

Sovereignty

Block grants

Restraint

Project grants

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Identify the Article & section, or Amendment number, and explain the following Clauses in the U.S. Constitution:

  -The Supremacy Clause Click here to enter text.

  -Full Faith and Credit Clause Click here to enter text.

  -Interstate Commerce Clause Click here to enter text.

  -Privileges and Immunities Clause Click here to enter text.

  1. Fill out the following Chart.

Explain this kind of Power.

Where is this power located in the U.S. Constitution?  List Article, Section or Amendment.

List examples of each power:

Which level of government (Federal or State) has this power?

Enumerated Powers:

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Implied Powers (or Elastic Clause):

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Reserved Powers:

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

  1. Explain how the ‘Supremacy Clause,’ ‘Enumerated Powers,’ ‘Reserved Powers,’ and the ‘Full Faith and Credit Clause’ establish Federalism. Click here to enter text.

  2. Discuss the time periods and differences between Dual Federalism and Cooperative Federalism. Click here to enter text.

  3. Discuss what kinds of events and forces have played a role in expanding the power of the Federal Government relative to the States. Click here to enter text.

  4. Explain how the decision in the Supreme Court case McCullough v. Maryland illustrated the powers associated with the ‘Necessary and Proper’ Clause (or Elastic Clause). Click here to enter text.

  5. Explain how the Federal Government uses grants-in-aid, mandates, and preemption to force the policy choices of state and local governments. Click here to enter text.

  6. Define and describe the time period and characteristics of Coercive Federalism. Click here to enter text.

  7. Explain the different types of local governments. Click here to enter text.

Chapter 5

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Issue framing

Socioeconomic status

Self-interest principle

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Explain how public opinion affects politics and policymaking. Should it? Click here to enter text.

  2. Explain how Majoritarianism and Pluralism disagree on the role of public opinion. Click here to enter text.

  -Majoritarianism believes:  Click here to enter text.

  -Pluralism/Pluralist believe:  Click here to enter text.

  1. Define political socialization. Click here to enter text.

-What are the key principles? Click here to enter text.

-Who are the key agents in this process? Click here to enter text.

  1. Explain how social and economic groups relate to different ideologies and public opinions on major issues, as well as their general political participation. Click here to enter text. 

Social and Economic Groups

Ideology & Public Opinions

Conservative, Liberal, etc. on major issues.

Political Participation

How group generally votes & political party preference?

Gender:

Women –

Men –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Race:

White Caucasian (or Non-Latino Whites) –

African-American –

Native-Americans –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Ethnicity:

Hispanic (including Latinos) –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Education Levels:

Highest (Ph.D.) –

Bachelor/Masters –

Low (High School or less) –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Income Levels:

High –

Low –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Religions:

Jews –

Catholics –

Protestants –

Non-religious –

Click here to enter text.

Click here to enter text.

Chapter 6

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Market-driven journalism

Click here to enter text.

Infotainment

Click here to enter text.

Political agenda

Click here to enter text.

Mass media

Click here to enter text.

Watchdog journalism

Click here to enter text.

Two-step flow of communication

Click here to enter text.

Horse race journalism

Click here to enter text.

Federal Communications Commission (FCC)

Click here to enter text.

Television hypothesis

Click here to enter text.

Soft news

Click here to enter text.

Newsworthiness

Click here to enter text.

Gatekeepers

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Identify and describe what media format most Americans currently use to get the news. Click here to enter text.

  2. Identify and discuss the main outcomes of private ownership of the media. Click here to enter text.

  3. Identify the ways in which the government regulates the media. Click here to enter text.

  4. Discuss the functions of the media in politics and government. Click here to enter text.

  5. Explain how the media influences citizens’ political knowledge and ideology. Click here to enter text.

  6. Discuss whether there is a liberal or conservative media bias. Click here to enter text.

  7. Discuss whether the media advances freedom, order or equality? Click here to enter text.

Chapter 7

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Direct action

Click here to enter text.

Direct primary

Click here to enter text.

Recall

Click here to enter text.

Referendum

Click here to enter text.

Terrorism

Click here to enter text.

Progressivism

Click here to enter text.

Initiative

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Explain what distinguishes conventional participation from unconventional political participation. Click here to enter text.

  2. Identify and describe the major constitutional amendments that expanded the rights of suffrage in the United States. Click here to enter text.

-Describe how the expansion of suffrage in the U.S compared with other nations. Click here to enter text.

  1. Describe how voter turnout in the United States compares to other countries. Click here to enter text.

  2. Explain what is meant by the “standard socioeconomic model” (SES) for explaining political participation. Click here to enter text.

  3. Given the high level of education in the United States explain whether or not the actual voting turnout aligns to what the standard socio economic model would predict. Click here to enter text.

  4. In your opinion, explain how political participation can both help and undermine order. Click here to enter text.

Chapter 8

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Responsible party government

Click here to enter text.

Electoral college 

Click here to enter text.

Congressional campaign committees

Click here to enter text.

Critical election

Click here to enter text.

Nomination

Click here to enter text.

Party platform

Click here to enter text.

Caucuses

Click here to enter text.

National Convention

Click here to enter text.

Electoral realignment

Click here to enter text.

Electoral dealignment

Click here to enter text.

Political system

Click here to enter text.

Party machine

Click here to enter text.

Proportional representation

Click here to enter text.

Party conferences

Click here to enter text.

National committee

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Explain how a political party differs from an interest group. Click here to enter text.

  2. Identify and discuss the major functions of political parties. Click here to enter text.

  3. Identify the major eras in the development of U.S. political parties. Discuss key events in each phase. Click here to enter text.

  4. Explain why America has a Two-Party System. Click here to enter text.

  5. Define and discuss party identification. Click here to enter text.

-Describe how it has changed over time. Click here to enter text.

  1. Identify and describe the major differences between Democratic and Republican Party platforms with respect to freedom, order, and equality. Click here to enter text.

  -Democratic Party Click here to enter text.

  -Republican Party Click here to enter text.

Chapter 9

Flashcard Vocabulary

Term

Definition/Description

Open primaries

Click here to enter text.

Election campaign

Click here to enter text.

Front-loading

Click here to enter text.

First-past-the-post-elections

Click here to enter text.

Presidential primary

Click here to enter text.

Primary election

Click here to enter text.

Closed primaries 

Click here to enter text.

General election

Click here to enter text.

Federal Election Commission (FEC)

Click here to enter text.

Straight ticket

Click here to enter text.

Open election

Click here to enter text.

Split ticket

Click here to enter text.

Chapter Review Questions

  1. Explain the steps to be elected to Congress (the Senate & House of Representatives). Click here to enter text.

  2. List the current steps in nominating and electing a president. Click here to enter text.

  3. Explain “battleground states” in presidential elections and discuss why they important. Click here to enter text.

  4. Explain how the Electoral College facilitates a federal election of the President. Click here to enter text.

  5. Explain how the Supreme Court’s 2010 decision in the Citizens United case led to increased spending in federal election campaigns. Click here to enter text.

  6. Identify and describe three basic campaign strategies candidates can use to win elections. Click here to enter text.

  7. Explain “battleground states” or “Swing States” in presidential elections and discuss why they important. Click here to enter text.

  8. Identify factors that influence voter choices. Click here to enter text.

Chapter 10

Flashcard Vocabulary

Needs help with similar assignment?

We are available 24x7 to deliver the best services and assignment ready within 3-4 hours? Order a custom-written, plagiarism-free paper

Order Over WhatsApp Place an Order Online

"Do you have an upcoming essay or assignment due?


Get any topic done in as little as 6 hours

If yes Order Similar Paper

All of our assignments are originally produced, unique, and free of plagiarism.

Stuck with a Question?

Get it solved from our top experts within 8 hrs!

Ask Your Question Now!

"Are you looking for a similar assignment? if yes, we are ready to help"

Order New Solution

You will get 100% plagiarism free and professional written paper.

Proudly powered by Unemployed Professors

Term

Definition/Description

Political action committee (PAC)

Click here to enter text.

Information campaigns

Click here to enter text.

Grassroots lobbying

Click here to enter text.

Interest group entrepreneur

Click here to enter text.

Citizen groups

Click here to enter text.

Direct lobbying

Click here to enter text.

Free-rider program

Click here to enter text.

Trade associations

Click here to enter text.

Agenda building

Click here to enter text.

Lobbyists

Click here to enter text.

Coalition building

Click here to enter text.